Threats to Belonging Result in Increased Levels of Public Ingroup Favouritism in Men but Not Women
Fahey, K. H. (University of Otago), Hunter, J. A. (University of Otago)
This paper sought to examine the link between threatened belonging and ingroup favouritism. It was hypothesised that men and women who were ostracised by the ingroup would show enhanced levels of in-group favouritism publicly, but not privately. Belonging was manipulated by means of Cyberball feedback (inclusion vs. ostracism). Ingroup favouritism was measured by means of intergroup evaluations. Men’s responses (N = 207) were affected by the nature of Cyberball feedback and whether their evaluations were to be kept private or made public. Included men evaluated ingroup members more positively than outgroup members (i.e., women) in private. Ostracised men evaluated ingroup members more positively than outgroup members (i.e., women) in public. Contrary to expectations, women (N = 201) evaluated ingroup members more positively than outgroup members (i.e., men) irrespective of cyberball feedback and whether the evaluations were to be shared public or remain private. The ramifications of these findings and avenues for future research are discussed.
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Gender and Prejudice