The Impact of Traditional and Cyber Bullying on Gender and Sexual Minority Youth

Arthur, J. (Australian Catholic University), Anderson, J. (Australian Catholic University & Australian Research Centre for Sex, Health, and Society [ARCSHS], La Trobe University), Dredge, R. (University of Leuven KL)

Bullying is a significant issue for young people, with sexual minority youth (SMY) and gender minority youth (GMY) at an increased risk of being bullied. The impact of both traditional and cyber bullying in non-SMY and non-GMY has been extensively examined, however there is limited research examining their impact in SMY and GMY. This paper presents a systematic review that synthesizes the available research exploring the impact of bullying (both traditional and cyber) on SMY. Our search strategy identified relevant articles which were double screened for our inclusion criteria; we extracted data from the eligible articles and present the synthesized findings. We found that SMY and GMY were more likely to experience both traditional and cyberbullying compared to heterosexual youth, and that for SMY bullying was associated with higher prevalence (and severity), of a series of psychological variables including increased suicidality and health risk behaviours, and lower levels of competence and confidence. Finally, we found that the association between bullying and negative psychosocial and health consequences is worse for both SMY and GMY relative to heterosexual youth.

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Queer Health Symposium