The Effect of Gay Couples’ Gender Role Conformity and Type of Family Formation (Adoption vs. Surrogacy) on Perceived Parental Competence and Psychosocial Development of Children

Koc, Y. (University of Groningen), de Wolf, R. (University of Groningen)

Despite the changes in laws legalising same-sex couples to adopt children, gay men still face challenges to become parents. They experience practical issues, including biological barriers to becoming parents, or they may experience psychological issues like difficulties to integrate both social identities of being a gay man and being a father, since being a father is seen as masculine and being gay is seen as feminine. We investigated the effect of gay couple’s gender role conformity (i.e., both feminine, both masculine, one feminine and one masculine) on a variety of outcomes. First, in a heterosexual American sample, we explored these effects on child-related outcomes (i.e., psychosocial development, sexual orientation of the child). Second, in a gay male Dutch sample, we explored these effects on perceptions of type of family formation (i.e., adoption vs surrogacy) on fatherhood outcomes (i.e., gay-male identity integration, perceived parental competence). Results were discussed in relation to stereotypes about gay-male parenting and policy implication.


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Queer Families Symposium