The Effect of Social Projection on Sequential Choice
Akamatsu, N. (Meiji Gakuin University), Hayashi, S. (Meiji Gakuin University)
Recently, consumer research have examined sequential choice, particularly the relationship with consumer characteristics. Focusing on consumer social projection, we discussed the effect on sequential choice. Previous researchers proved consumers made a choice exceeding the budget, in turn self-control made them choose lower price. However, we found social projection affected the result of subsequent choice. In particular, even if the budget is exceeded in the first choice, when the degree of social projection is high, in the second choice, consumers tend to choose the option that the others would be more pleased with, even at a higher price.
A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review on the Relationship Between Felt Age with Subjective Wellbeing, Depression, and Cognition
Alonso Debreczeni, F. E. (Western Sydney University), Bailey, P. (Western Sydney University)
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the degree to which the subjective experience of felt age is associated with cognition, subjective wellbeing, and depression. Seventeen independent data sets met requirements for inclusion, including a mean participant age of 40+ years. Ovpueerall, there was a small (r = 0.18) average correlation between felt age and cognition, subjective wellbeing, and depression, whereby a younger felt age was related to enhanced wellbeing and cognitive performance and reduced depressive symptoms. Comparison of the average correlations between felt age and each of the three types of measure revealed no difference in the strength of those associations.
There’s More Than Just Contact: Investigating the Role of Volition in Intergenerational Contact
Bolton, R. (The University of Newcastle), Paolini, S. (The University of Newcastle), Kelly, M., (The University of Newcastle), Harwood, J. (The University of Arizona)
Intergenerational contact can improve attitudes that young people hold toward older individuals, but in a world that is becoming more age-segregated, this contact might be progressively less viable. This impasse might be overcome by an increased understanding of the determining factors of engaging in intergenerational contact with volition. This paper reviewed research about the implications of volition in contact quality and contact outcomes. Drawing on these findings, we advance predictions about the mechanisms of volition in intergenerational contact and put forth prospective studies to test these ideas.
Ageing and Emotion Regulation
Brady, B. (Western Sydney University), Gonsalvez, C. (Western Sydney University), Kneebone, I. I. (University of Technology Sydney), Wufong, E. (Western Sydney University), Bailey, P. E. (Western Sydney University)
Are there age-related differences in the success of mindful attention and positive reappraisal for regulating fear and amusement? Forty-two young and 36 older adults viewed frightening and amusing films. Participants rated the strength of their experience of the target emotion (fear or amusement) following each film and facial electromyography was recorded continuously. Regulation of fear using mindful attention was associated with reduced negative facial reactivity compared to other regulation strategies, but only among older adults. The present study provides preliminary evidence for the success of a brief mindfulness-based instruction for the down-regulation of fear among older adults.
Applying the Prototype Willingness Model to Predict Green-Energy Use for Household Electricity
Donadon Berne, R. (Deakin University), Kothe, E. (Deakin University), Ling, M. (Deakin University)
Uptake of green-energy by households remains suboptimal. This was the first study to apply the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM) to understand this behaviour. Participants (N = 454) completed an online survey with measures of the PWM constructs. Attitudes and injunctive norms predict intention; and prototype similarity, favourability and descriptive norms predict willingness to use green-energy. Intention and willingness predict green-energy uptake. Findings supported the use of the complete model to understand this novel behaviour. Future research should test interventions targeting attitudes and injunctive norms to increase intention; and prototype similarity, favourability, and descriptive norms to increase willingness to uptake green-energy.
Motives Matter: The Consequences of Ostracizing Among Sources
Gonsalkorale, K. (University of Sydney), Iannuzzelli, R. (University of Sydney), Williams, L. A. (UNSW Sydney)
People ostracize others for different reasons, but little is known about how specific motives for ostracism affect the psychological experiences of sources. Two studies employed a novel paradigm to induce the experience of ostracizing for punitive versus defensive motives. Sources ostracizing for defensive motives reported greater guilt, fear, and anxiety, and less anger, than sources ostracizing for punitive motives. Moreover, guilt and anger mediated the impact of motive on intentions to continue ostracizing and recruiting others to join in ostracizing. Findings add to growing literature on ostracism sources, and support predictions regarding the mediating role of affect in prompting behaviour.
Validation of a Measure of Vaccine Hesitancy Using Item Response Theory
Head, A. (Deakin University), Loram, G. (Deakin University), Ling, M. (Deakin University)
Vaccine hesitancy represents a hazard to public health. Assessing the scale of vaccine hesitancy requires standardised measurement; however, no standard measure exists. This study utilised item response theory to develop and validate a measure of vaccine hesitancy that has potential for widespread use. Data was collected via MTurk. A 2 parameter item response theory model was used to assess the difficulty and discrimination of items assessing vaccine hesitancy. A candidate scale was then validated against known correlates of vaccine hesitancy. The new measure provides opportunities for more widespread assessment of vaccine hesitancy, and effective assessment of the impacts of interventions.
Understanding the Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status, Threat, and Attitudes Towards Teen Mothers
Sheeran, N. (Griffith University), Humpheries, T. (Griffith University)
The current study examined whether a person’s socioeconomic status (SES) predicts their attitudes towards teen mothers and whether this relationship is explained by the degree of perceived symbolic or realistic threat. Four hundred and one participants completed an online questionnaire. SES was found to predict only symbolic and not realistic threat or attitudes towards teen mothers, but both symbolic and realistic threat predicted attitudes. Symbolic threat mediated the SES and attitudes relationship; realistic threat did not. The findings suggest that teen mothers are perceived to be more of a threat to world views and values rather than an economic burden.