|Generalization Processes – Talks Session 6
Chair: Oliver Christ
|Hermann Swart: Mediators and Moderators of the Secondary Transfer Effect of Direct and Extended Contact: Evidence from majority- and minority-status South Africans
Hermann Swart (Stellenbosch University, South Africa),
Simon Lolliot (University of British Columbia, Canada), Lizelle Openshaw (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), George Berry (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), Simone Strydom (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), Hannari de Beer (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), Anri Nell (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), Miles Hewstone (the University of Newcastle, Australia and Oxford University, UK)
Across three South African studies, longitudinal experimental data and cross-sectional correlational data reveal that (1) both direct and extended contact promotes the secondary transfer effect (STE) across outgroups over time; (2) identify empathy and anxiety generalisation as potential mediators of the STE; and (3) compares the moderation effect of perceived outgroup similarity for majority- and minority-status participants.
|Sybille Neji: Perceived outgroup entitativity as a moderator of intergroup contact effects
Miles Hewstone, (University of Oxford, United Kingdom),
Jared B. Kenworthy, (University of Texas at Arlington, United States of America),
Oliver Christ (FernUniversität in Hagen, University of Hagen, Germany)
We introduce perceived entitativity (Campbell, 1958) as an important moderator of intergroup contact effects. Three studies provide supporting evidence that higher perceived outgroup entitativity was associated with a stronger relation between intergroup contact and outgroup attitudes. The moderating effect of perceived outgroup entitativity was observable over and above the well-established moderators typicality of the outgroup member and group membership salience.
|Rupar Mirjana: Primary and secondary transfer effects of direct and mass-mediated contact on forgiveness after dyadic and multiethnic conflicts via intergroup trust
Rupar Mirjana (Institute of Psychology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic) Shpend Voca (Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Czech Republic; AAB College, Prishtina, Kosovo), Sylvie Graf (Institute of Psychology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic, University of Bern, Switzerland)
In two distinct post-war contexts, Kosovo and multiethnic Bosnia, positive direct and positive mass-mediated contact were more strongly associated with forgiveness than negative direct and negative mass-mediated contact. Trust mediated the link between contact with one former adversary and forgiveness toward this very adversary as well as forgiveness toward other former adversaries after the multiethnic conflict, the secondary transfer effect.