Exploring Explicit and Implicit Attitudes towards Gay Men using the Dark Tetrad and the Dual Process Model of Prejudice

Moor, L. (Australian Catholic University), Anderson, J. (Australian Catholic University & Australian Research Centre for Sex, Health, and Society [ARCSHS], La Trobe University), Kapelles, T. (Australian Catholic University), Koc, Y. (University of Groningen)

Attitudes towards gay men are typically negative and pervasive, and research has begun to focus on understanding the individual difference factors underlying prejudice towards this group. The Dual Process Motivational Model of Prejudice (DPM) is often used to understand such attitudes. It posits that prejudiced attitudes stem from the combination of two socio-political ideologies– right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and social dominance orientation (SDO). In addition, research has begun exploring the moderating role of personality in using this theoretical framework to explain prejudice. This presentation presents data exploring the predictive potential of the dark tetrad model of personality (D4: narcissism, psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and everyday sadism) and the DPM in explaining implicit and explicit attitudes towards gay men. Interesting patterns of findings were revealed, that diverge significantly based on the explicit (self-report) or implicit (associative) nature of the measure. Discussion will centre on the theoretical and empirical contributions to the ongoing debate surrounding the utility of the D4 in explaining antisocial cognitions. Evidence from the current study may be used to inform prejudice-relevant interventions through understanding of the individual-level factors that facilitate societal-level anti-gay attitudes.

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Gender and Sexual (Non-)Equalities Symposium